International >> Africa >> Egypt-Cairo

Cairo, Egypt has always been attracting travelers, dating back over 10 centuries ago to the time of the Mamluks. However, the beautiful, hectic, crowded, surprising, enchanting (and every other cool sounding adjective) city of Cairo is still in the eyes of the Egyptians the City Victorious, known officially as al-Qahirah or simply “Masr”, the name for Egypt as a whole. Cairo is one of the world’s largest urban areas and offers many sites to visit. It is the administrative capital of Egypt and, close by, is almost every Egypt Pyramid, such as the Great Pyramids of Giza on the very edge of the city. There are also ancient temples, tombs, gorgeous Christian churches, magnificent Muslim monuments, and of course, the Egyptian Antiquities Museum all either within or nearby to the city.Cairo has lot to live up to: the Jewel of the Orient, the City of the Thousand Minarets and the Melting Pot of Ancient and Modern Egyptian Civilizations are just a few of its titles. To take in some of the Egyptian capital’s magnitude, visit the Antiquities Museum, which houses King Tut’s earthly goods, see the massive Citadel and Khan Al-Khalili bazaar. Leave driving to the locals and travel by taxi, or book a car and driver. Transfer to a camel at the pyramids and brave the gaze of the Sphinx.

Fact File
About Egypt is one of the most populous countries in Africa and the Middle East. The great majority of its over 82.2 million people live near the banks of the Nile River, in an area of about 40,000 square kilometers (15,000sq¬mi), where the only arable land is found. The large areas of the Sahara Desert are sparsely inhabited. About half of Egypt’s residents live in urban areas, with most spread across the densely populated centres of greater Cairo,It is the capital of Egypt and the largest city in the Arab world and Africa, and its metropolitan area is the 16th largest in the world. Located near the Nile Delta, it was founded in 969 AD. Nicknamed “The City of a Thousand Minarets” for its preponderance of Islamic architecture,

Cairo has long been a centre of the region’s political and cultural life. Cairo was founded by the Fatimid dynasty in the 10th century AD, but the land composing the present-day city was the site of national capitals whose remnants remain visible in parts of Old Cairo. Cairo is also associated with Ancient Egypt due to its proximity to the ancient cities of Memphis, Giza and Fustat which are nearby to the Great Sphinx and the pyramids of Giza.

Egyptians today often refer to Cairo as Ma?r, the Arabic pronunciation of the name for Egypt itself, emphasizing the city’s continued role in Egyptian influence. Cairo has the oldest and largest film and music industries in the Arab World, as well as the world’s second-oldest institution of higher learning, al-Azhar University. Many international media, businesses, and organizations have regional headquarters in the city, and the Arab League has had its headquarters in Cairo for most of its existence.

With a population of 6.76 million[5] spread over 453 square kilometers (175sqmi), Cairo is by far the largest city in Egypt. With an additional ten million inhabitants just outside the city, Cairo resides at the centre of the largest metropolitan area in Africa and the Arab World as well as the tenth-largest urban area in the world.[6] Cairo, like many other mega-cities, suffers from high levels of pollution and traffic, but its metro – one of only two metros on the African continent (the other one being the Algiers Metro) – also ranks among the fifteen busiest in the world,[7] with over 1,000 million[8] annual passenger rides. The economy of Cairo was ranked first in the Middle East.

Languages spoken Arabic, Berber, Igbo, Somali, Swahili, Hausa, Amharic, Oromo Yoruba
Climate Winter : High temperatures range from 19 °C (66°F) to 29 °C (84°F), while night-time lows drop to below 11°C (52°F), often to 5 °C(41°F)

Summer:Highs rarely surpass 40 °C (104°F), and lows drop to about 20 °C (68°F).

Note:Wind storms can be frequent, bringing Saharan dust into the city during the months of March and April.

Best Time of Visit Between November to March.
By Air Cairo International Airport serves the city. It functions as the hub for EgyptAir, the national airline. It is the second busiest airport in Africa.
History In the early fourth century, the Romans established a large town in the area now occupied by Cairo, creating the first large-scale permanent settlement in the region. In the seventh century, the Muslims conquered Egypt and moved the capital from Alexandria to a new city, Fustat, in present-day Cairo. As subsequent dynasties took control over the next centuries, they continued to move the capital slightly north, but always in the region that is now Cairo. In the 10th century, the most-fortified city to date was built, eventually given the name Cairo. Subsequent dynasties, from Saladin to the Mamluks, kept Cairo as their capital, and when the Ottomans conquered Egypt they made Cairo the capital of the territory.
  • Tahrir Square – A famous plaza in the city, located in downtown
  • The Egyptian Museum – It is also known as the Museum of Egyptian Antiquities. The museum contains the broadest variety of old age Egyptian artifacts.
  • Old Cairo – The portion of the city, which is home to the Babylon Fortress, Coptic Museum, the Greek Church of St. George, Hanging Church, Amr ibn al-‘As Mosque, Ben Ezra Synagogue, and various other Coptic cathedrals.
  • Khan El-Khalili – An old bazaar or marketplace in the city.
  • Cairo Tower – It is a self-supporting concrete television tower in the city, located in the Zamalek district.
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